Coexistence of functioning beta 1- and beta 2-adrenoceptors in single myocytes from human ventricle.
BACKGROUND Both beta 1- and beta 2-adrenoceptors (beta 1 AR and beta 2 AR) are present in human ventricle. This study was designed to determine whether the two subtypes contribute to contraction in single myocytes from human heart.
METHODS AND RESULTS (-)-Epinephrine increased the contraction amplitude and velocity of single myocytes isolated from the ventricles of failing and nonfailing human hearts. Concentration-response curves to (-)-epinephrine were constructed in the presence and absence of selective antagonists for beta 1 AR (CGP 20712A) and beta 2 AR (ICI 118,551). Responses to (-)-epinephrine were antagonized to a variable degree by the blockers, suggesting heterogeneous contribution of beta 1AR and beta 2AR among cells. The most common response in single myocytes was that ICI 118,551 (50 nmol/L) shifted the concentration-response curve less than 10-fold: this was lower than the 100-fold shift expected for a pure beta 2AR effect. Inclusion of CGP 20712A (300 nmol/L) with ICI 118,551 shifted the (-)-epinephrine curve still further. These observations suggest that both beta 1AR and beta 2AR contribute to the increase in contraction amplitude with (-)-epinephrine in this group of myocytes. When 300 nmol/L CGP 20712A was present as the sole antagonist, only a marginal shift of the concentration-response curve for (-)-epinephrine was usually observed, indicating that beta 1AR were not mediating the effect of these low concentrations of (-)-epinephrine. Both beta 1AR and beta 2AR mediated a considerable abbreviation of the time to peak contraction and time to 50% relaxation in the single cells.
CONCLUSIONS beta 1AR and beta 2AR coexist and function on human ventricular myocytes. At low (-)-epinephrine concentrations, contractile responses are predominantly mediated by beta 2AR rather than beta 1AR in myocytes from failing hearts.
- Copyright © 1993 by American Heart Association