Streptozotocin-induced non-insulin-dependent diabetes protects the heart from infarction.
BACKGROUND The vulnerability of the myocardium of a diabetic animal to an ischemic insult is controversial. To address this issue, streptozotocin-induced non-insulin-dependent diabetes (NIDD) was induced in rats, and the effects of regional myocardial ischemia were assessed by measuring infarct size.
METHODS AND RESULTS Open-chest rats with NIDD and age-matched control rats underwent 30 or 45 minutes of regional ischemia and 2-hour reperfusion. Infarct size was measured by tetrazolium. Control rats had 32.0 +/- 3.3% infarction of the risk zone after a 30-minute coronary occlusion, whereas NIDD rats had significantly smaller infarcts (11.5 +/- 3.1% of the risk area, P < .005). When ischemic time was extended to 45 minutes, infarct size in control animals averaged 57.9 +/- 6.2%, whereas only 37.3 +/- 5.6% of ischemic myocardium was infarcted in NIDD rats (P < .05). In a subset NIDD group, rats experienced a period of ischemic preconditioning (three cycles of 5-minute ischemia/5-minute reperfusion) before 45-minute ischemia. Infarct size in these rats averaged only 6.9 +/- 3.0% (P < .01 vs nonpreconditioned NIDD rats with 45-minute coronary occlusions). Collateral flow was measured in NIDD rat hearts with radioactive microspheres. Collateral flow was < 1% of normal myocardial blood flow.
CONCLUSIONS We conclude that NIDD protects the heart from infarction and that this protection is not related to the development of coronary collaterals. Furthermore, preconditioning can further protect the NIDD heart.
- Copyright © 1993 by American Heart Association