Radiofrequency catheter ablation of sustained intra-atrial reentrant tachycardia in adult patients. Identification of electrophysiological characteristics and endocardial mapping techniques.
BACKGROUND Information about electrophysiological characteristics and radiofrequency ablation of intra-atrial reentrant tachycardia has not been reported before. We proposed that induction and termination of intra-atrial reentrant tachycardia by atrial extrastimuli or rapid atrial pacing and resetting the response pattern by atrial extrastimuli during intra-atrial reentrant tachycardia could ensure the mechanism of reentry and that the earliest site of endocardial activation and concealed entrainment pace mapping with the shortest stimulus-P wave interval could localize a critical area responsible for intra-atrial reentrant tachycardia and radiofrequency ablation.
METHODS AND RESULTS Seven patients with refractory atrial tachycardia were referred for electrophysiological studies and radiofrequency ablation. Electrophysiological studies and endocardial mapping found (1) 10 atrial foci with atrial tachycardia cycle length of 406 +/- 41 ms; (2) atrial tachycardia had induction and termination by atrial extrastimuli (8 of 10) or rapid atrial pacing (10 of 10); (3) atrial tachycardia had increasing (6 of 10) or mixed (flat and increasing, 4 of 10) resetting response pattern, with resetting interval of 57 +/- 13 ms (14 +/- 4% of atrial tachycardia cycle length); (4) exit sites of atrial tachycardia in right atrial free wall (6 of 10), right atrial septum (3 of 10), and midposterior left atrium (1 of 10); and (5) earliest activation site had timing relative to P wave by -37 +/- 7 ms, and concealed entrainment pace mapping had shortest stimulus-P interval 23 +/- 3 ms. By the endocardial activation pace-mapping technique, radiofrequency energy (8 +/- 1 pulses, 31 +/- 3 W, 101 +/- 11 seconds) successfully eliminated the 10 atrial foci without recurrence (follow-up, 16 +/- 5 months).
CONCLUSIONS Mechanism of intra-atrial reentrant tachycardia could be confirmed by the electrophysiological characteristics, and radiofrequency ablation energy delivered to a critical area in the atrial reentrant circuit is safe and effective for the treatment of intra-atrial reentrant tachycardia.
- Copyright © 1993 by American Heart Association