Insulin-like growth factor-I induces hypertrophy with enhanced expression of muscle specific genes in cultured rat cardiomyocytes.
BACKGROUND Cardiac hypertrophy is commonly observed in acromegalic patients, in whom serum insulin-like growth factor-I (IGF-I) levels are elevated. In the present study, we examined whether IGF-I induces hypertrophy in cultured neonatal rat cardiomyocytes through its specific receptor and whether IGF binding protein-3 (IGFBP-3), which is a major circulating carrier protein for IGF-I, inhibits IGF-I-induced cardiac hypertrophy in vitro.
METHODS AND RESULTS Because the response of cardiac hypertrophy is characterized by the induction of expression for muscle-specific genes, the effect of IGF-I on steady-state levels of mRNA for myosin light chain-2 (MLC-2) and troponin I and for skeletal and cardiac alpha-actin isoforms was evaluated by Northern blot analysis. IGF-I (10(-7) M) increased mRNA levels for MLC-2 and troponin I as early as 60 minutes with maximum levels by 6 hours, which were maintained for as long as 24 hours. IGF-I (10(-7) M) also increased transcripts for skeletal alpha-actin but not for cardiac alpha-actin. The cell size as evaluated morphometrically was almost doubled after 48-hour treatment with IGF-I. IGF-I induction of protein synthesis was dose dependent (10(-10) to 10(-7) M) with a maximal 2.2-fold increase seen at 10(-8) M. In contrast to the hypertrophic effect of IGF-I, growth hormone affected neither protein synthesis nor expression for muscle-specific genes. Binding study using 125I-IGF-I revealed the presence of specific binding sites for IGF-I in rat cardiomyocytes. IGFBP-3 induced a dose-dependent inhibition of protein synthesis stimulated by IGF-I; IGFBP-3 (10(-7) M) completely inhibited the [3H]leucine uptake stimulated by IGF-I (10(-8) M). IGFBP-3 similarly inhibited the IGF-I-stimulated gene expressions for MLC-2 and troponin I.
CONCLUSIONS These results suggest that IGF-I directly causes cardiac hypertrophy and that its effect can be blocked by IGFBP-3.
- Copyright © 1993 by American Heart Association