Time course of restenosis during the first year after emergency coronary stenting.
BACKGROUND Prevention of abrupt vessel closure after percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (PTCA) represents one of the current indications for intracoronary stent implantation. After the procedure, the stented segment undergoes luminal changes that may lead to late restenosis. This study was undertaken to assess the time course of luminal changes during the first year after emergency placement of coronary stents.
METHODS AND RESULTS Coronary stenting was indicated in patients with present or threatened vessel closure secondary to large dissections after PTCA. From June 1989 to May 1991, 82 patients who received Palmaz-Schatz stents and did not have early vessel occlusion after stenting were enrolled into a serial angiographic follow-up study. Coronary normal reference diameter and minimal luminal diameter were measured with an automated edge detection technique. Patients who underwent repeat PTCA for restenosis were excluded from further serial angiography. The restudy rate at 3, 6, and 12 months was 96%, 81%, and 90% of the eligible patients, respectively. The incidence of restenosis (defined as a diameter stenosis > or = 50%) was 22.0% at 3 months, 31.9% at 6 months, and 33.2% at 12 months. Minimal luminal diameter was increased from 0.66 +/- 0.32 mm before to 2.85 +/- 0.43 mm immediately after stenting. It was 0.46 +/- 0.31 mm smaller than the diameter of the maximally inflated balloon during the procedure. The reduction in minimal luminal diameter was 0.80 +/- 0.69 mm (p = 0.0001) for the first 3 months, 0.29 +/- 0.52 mm (p = 0.0001) between 3 and 6 months, and 0.13 +/- 0.32 mm (p = 0.01) for the last 6 months. The percentage of patients who presented a significant change in minimal luminal diameter (defined as > 0.60 mm) declined from 50.6% during the first 3 months and 18.9% between 3 and 6 months to 6.5% for the period between 6 and 12 months.
CONCLUSIONS The incidence and the time course of restenosis after emergency coronary stenting are similar to that reported for conventional PTCA. Coronary lumen dimensions demonstrated a peak change at 3 months and remained mostly stable after the first 6 months.
- Copyright © 1993 by American Heart Association