Results of percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty in women. 1985-1986 National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute's Coronary Angioplasty Registry.
BACKGROUND The National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI) Percutaneous Transluminal Coronary Angioplasty (PTCA) 1978-1981 Registry cohort indicated that PTCA risk was higher and efficacy was lower in women. Data from the 1985-1986 PTCA Registry are used to address the question of whether compared with men, women still have a worse outcome after PTCA.
METHODS AND RESULTS The 1985-1986 NHLBI PTCA Registry collected data on consecutive, first-PTCA cases at 16 centers. Initial results are reported for 2,136 patients, 546 of whom were women. Four-year follow-up status was available on 95% of the cohort. Although women were an average of 4.5 years older than the male patients and had more cardiovascular risk factors and more severe angina, their coronary artery disease as assessed by angiography was not more extensive. Rates of angiographic success on a per-lesion basis were similar for women and men (89% versus 88%), and the clinical success rates (79%) were the same. Women had more initial complications (29% versus 20%, p < 0.001) and a considerably higher procedural mortality rate (2.6% versus 0.3%, p < 0.001). For patients who survived the initial procedure, 4-year survival was similar for men and women. At 4 years, women had slightly fewer events (myocardial infarction, repeat PTCA, and/or coronary artery bypass grafting). Despite the higher proportion of women reporting the presence of angina and medication use at 4 years, the proportion reporting improvement in symptomatic status was similar to that of men.
CONCLUSIONS Women undergoing PTCA have a higher procedural mortality risk than men; this is explained in part by their worse cardiovascular risk factor profile. Otherwise, the success rate and long-term prognosis after PTCA are excellent, and PTCA should be considered for women in need of revascularization.
- Copyright © 1993 by American Heart Association