Radiofrequency endocardial catheter ablation of accessory atrioventricular pathway atrial insertion sites.
BACKGROUND High rates of success using radiofrequency ablation energy have rapidly transformed catheter ablation from an investigational procedure to the nonpharmacological therapy of choice for symptomatic Wolff-Parkinson-White syndrome. Prior studies of radiofrequency accessory pathway ablation were based on a ventricular approach. Risks associated with prolonged arterial catheter manipulation, retrograde left ventricular catheterization, and production of ventricular lesions required for successful ventricular insertion ablation can be avoided using atrial insertion ablation procedures. The purpose of the present study was to define the safety and efficacy of accessory pathway ablation using radiofrequency energy delivered solely to accessory atrioventricular pathway atrial insertion sites.
METHODS AND RESULTS One hundred fourteen patients with accessory pathway-mediated tachycardia underwent attempted radiofrequency current ablation at the accessory pathway atrial insertion site. All catheters were introduced transvenously. Left-sided accessory pathways were approached using transseptal left atrial catheterization techniques. Retrograde localization of the atrial insertion site during reentrant tachycardia was characterized by 40 +/- 15-msec local ventriculoatrial and 79 +/- 17-msec surface QRS to local atrial electrogram intervals. Presumed accessory pathway potentials were present in only 30% of ablation site electrograms. Successful ablation required 6.2 +/- 5.3 radiofrequency energy applications. Cumulative energy dose required for success was 2,341 +/- 2,233 J. There were no complications associated with transseptal catheterization. Energy delivery to accessory pathway atrial insertion sites was associated with non-life-threatening complications in two patients. Recurrent conduction requiring repeat ablation occurred in 10 of 115 (9%) successfully ablated accessory pathways, all within 1 month of the ablation procedure. After 21.2 +/- 4.6 months of follow-up, 108 of 114 (95%) patients are asymptomatic and without evidence of accessory pathway conduction.
CONCLUSIONS The atrial insertion approach to accessory pathway ablation is safe and highly effective. This approach compares favorably with the retrograde ventricular insertion ablation technique. Atrial insertion ablation eliminates the need to produce ventricular lesions and avoids the risks of prolonged arterial catheter manipulation and retrograde left ventricular catheterization.
- Copyright © 1993 by American Heart Association