Altered left ventricular chamber stiffness and isovolumic relaxation in dogs with chronic pulmonary hypertension caused by emphysema.
BACKGROUND In chronic obstructive lung disease, a right to left ventricular septal shift that occurs as a consequence of right ventricular pressure overload is the usual mechanism given to explain a decrease in left ventricular (LV) diastolic performance. The purpose of the present study was to examine the extent to which this mechanism could account for a decrease in LV diastolic function in a canine model in which pulmonary artery pressure was elevated to a level found in human disease.
METHODS AND RESULTS Severe emphysema was produced in dogs by repeated instillations of the enzyme papain into the lung. To assess LV diastolic function, we used sonomicrometry, in which three pairs of subendocardial crystal transducers were implanted along the three orthogonal axes of the LV. LV end-diastolic dimensions and pressure-strain relations along the three axes, as well as the time constant of LV isovolumic relaxation (T), were measured before (baseline) and after 1 year of emphysema (post-1-year study). The results showed that after 1 year of pulmonary hypertension, LV pressure-strain relations were decreased along the septal-lateral and anterior-posterior axes, but a right to left ventricular septal shift was not detected. The relation of average midwall circumferential stress to midwall circumferential strain was used to describe the intrinsic compliance of the LV. The results showed that myocardial stiffness increased in emphysema but that chamber volume was not reduced. At the post-1-year study, T was abnormally increased in the emphysema group in response to augmented preload and afterload compared with preemphysema measurements.
CONCLUSIONS We conclude that mechanisms other than ventricular interdependence may be operative in leading to altered LV diastolic filling in chronic emphysema.
- Copyright © 1993 by American Heart Association