Effect of baffle fenestration on outcome of the modified Fontan operation.
BACKGROUND The "fenestrated Fontan" (surgical baffle fenestration followed by transcatheter test occlusion and permanent closure after postoperative recovery) was adopted in an effort to reduce perioperative mortality and morbidity. This study assesses the effect of baffle fenestration on outcome.
METHODS AND RESULTS Patients having a modified Fontan operation with a cavocaval baffle and cavopulmonary anastomosis were retrospectively selected for study. Those with baffle fenestration (n = 91) were compared with those without baffle fenestration (n = 56) with respect to preoperative risk factors, age, anatomy, surgical date, and presence or absence of a previous bidirectional cavopulmonary anastomosis. Outcome variables were failure (death or take-down) and duration of postoperative pleural effusions and hospitalization. Survival and clinical status after hospital discharge were ascertained. The two groups did not appear to differ with respect to age or anatomic diagnosis. Patients having baffle fenestration were at significantly greater preoperative risk by univariate and multivariate analysis (p < 0.01). Operative failure was low in both groups (11% without and 7% with baffle fenestration, p = NS). Durations of pleural effusions and hospitalization were significantly shorter with baffle fenestration (p < 0.01). Neither date of surgery nor a previous bidirectional cavopulmonary anastomosis appeared to contribute to improved outcome. Patients with baffle fenestration had lower postoperative systemic venous pressure (p < 0.01). There were no late deaths. Functional status in both groups is good (82% in New York Heart Association class I).
CONCLUSIONS Baffle fenestration is associated with low mortality, significantly less pleural effusion, and significantly shorter hospitalization among high-risk patients having a modified Fontan operation.
- Copyright © 1992 by American Heart Association