Preservation of atrioventricular nodal conduction during radiofrequency current catheter ablation of midseptal accessory pathways.
BACKGROUND Septal accessory atrioventricular (AV) pathways may be located in close vicinity of the His bundle-AV nodal conduction system. Attempts at surgical or electrical interruption of these pathways may therefore result in impairment of normal AV conduction. This study focuses on a subset of septal pathways with an atrial insertion located inside the triangle of Koch. In this study, they were called "midseptal."
METHODS AND RESULTS Six patients with a midseptal accessory pathway (mean +/- SD age, 40 +/- 12 years; five with Wolff-Parkinson-White syndrome and one with a concealed accessory pathway) underwent attempts at ablation of their pathway using 500-kHz radiofrequency current applied to the atrial insertion of the accessory connection. Guided by the recording of accessory pathway activation potentials, the ablation catheter was positioned in all patients in an area bounded anteriorly by the tip electrode of the His bundle catheter and posteriorly by the coronary sinus ostium. All pathways were successfully ablated without the induction of complete heart block. First-degree AV conduction block occurred in one patient in whom a concealed accessory connection was located closer to the AV node than to the coronary sinus ostium.
CONCLUSIONS Radiofrequency current catheter ablation may be used effectively for midseptal accessory pathways and should be preferred in experienced centers as a safe alternative to surgical therapy.
- Copyright © 1992 by American Heart Association