Hypolipidemic effect of type Ia antiarrhythmic agents in postinfarction patients.
BACKGROUND Elevated levels of cholesterol and apoprotein B (apo B), the essential carrier protein for low density lipoprotein, are major lipid risk factors for premature coronary disease. Antiarrhythmic agents are frequently prescribed to patients with coronary heart disease and associated cardiac arrhythmias. As part of another study, we retrospectively investigated the effect of antiarrhythmic agents on blood lipids.
METHODS AND RESULTS The study population consisted of 1,567 postinfarction patients on whom we prospectively collected serial blood samples for lipid and apoprotein determinations and recorded the concomitant medications the patients were receiving at three follow-up time periods. The lipids, analyzed at a central core laboratory, included total cholesterol, triglycerides, high density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL C), and apoproteins A-I (apo A-I), A-II (apo A-II), and apo B. The difference in the group mean lipid values for patients receiving and not receiving type Ia antiarrhythmic agents (quinidine, procainamide, and disopyramide) was evaluated by the two-sample t test, and multiple linear regression analyses were performed to adjust for relevant covariates. Patients using type Ia antiarrhythmic agents at the 30-month postinfarction contact (n = 76) had 8.6% lower cholesterol (p less than 0.003), 22.3% lower triglycerides (p less than 0.0002), 6.2% lower apo A-I (p = 0.02), 10.1% lower apo A-II (p less than 0.001), and 12.7% lower apo B (p less than 0.0001) levels than patients not on these medications (n = 1,491). These lower lipid levels were found after adjustment for age, sex, diabetes, smoking status, concomitant medications, and a variety of clinical factors relating to the severity of the coronary disease process. The HDL C levels were similar in those receiving and not receiving type Ia agents.
CONCLUSIONS Patients on type Ia antiarrhythmic agents had significantly and meaningfully lower cholesterol, triglyceride, apo A-II, and apo B levels than patients not receiving these agents. The mechanism of this hypolipidemic effect is undefined, but the mechanism may be related to an alteration by these agents of ionic membrane currents at the hepatocyte level.
- Copyright © 1992 by American Heart Association