Platelet-dependent thrombin generation after in vitro fibrinolytic treatment.
BACKGROUND Fibrinolytic therapy is associated with frequent rethrombosis. There is evidence of both increased coagulation and platelet activation.
METHODS AND RESULTS Platelet-rich plasma (PRP) or washed platelets were incubated with the fibrinolytic agents urokinase, recombinant tissue-type plasminogen activator (rt-PA), or plasmin at concentrations consistent with those in the plasma of patients treated for myocardial infarction. All of the fibrinolytic agents induced a more rapid generation of thrombin and decreased the clotting times of non-contact-activated PRP than in untreated PRP. This effect was not blocked by the inclusion of thrombin inhibitors during the fibrinolytic treatment. Washed platelets derived from rt-PA-treated PRP induced more rapid thrombin generation when resuspended in untreated plasma or treated plasma. Washed platelets were treated with plasmin, rt-PA, and urokinase and added to platelet-poor plasma. Platelets treated with either plasmin or rt-PA increased the ability of washed platelets to support thrombin generation, but urokinase was without significant effect.
CONCLUSIONS These results indicate not only that plasmin can cause increased platelet support of prothrombin activation but also that rt-PA in the absence of plasminogen can have a direct effect on the platelet, which increases thrombin generation.
- Copyright © 1992 by American Heart Association