Endogenous adenosine blunts beta-adrenoceptor-mediated inotropic response in hypoperfused canine myocardium.
BACKGROUND Adenosine attenuates beta-adrenoceptor-mediated inotropic responses through GTP-binding protein in vitro. The goal of the present study was to test the hypothesis that endogenous adenosine released from the ischemic myocardium blunts the inotropic response to beta-adrenergic stimulation.
METHODS AND RESULTS In 45 open-chest dogs, the left anterior descending coronary artery was perfused through an extracorporeal bypass tube from the carotid artery. Coronary perfusion pressure was reduced so that coronary blood flow was decreased to 60% of the basal level by partial occlusion of the bypass tube, and the reduced coronary perfusion pressure was kept constant thereafter. Inotropic responses to isoproterenol were assessed by fractional shortening of the myocardium in the perfused area. After the onset of hypoperfusion, lactate extraction ratio (18.8 +/- 1.2%) and fractional shortening (20.7 +/- 1.1%) were significantly decreased to -8.4 +/- 8.0% and 5.9 +/- 1.5%, respectively, and coronary arteriovenous differences of adenosine were increased from 4.6 +/- 3.6 to 89.4 +/- 10.5 pmol/ml. In the untreated condition, an intravenous infusion of isoproterenol (150 ng/kg/min) augmented fractional shortening from 5.9 +/- 1.5% to 13.6 +/- 0.8%. When adenosine release was attenuated by administration of prazosin (4 micrograms/kg/min i.c.) during hypoperfusion, the response of fractional shortening to isoproterenol (from 5.3 +/- 1.2% to 20.5 +/- 1.4%) was much greater (p less than 0.05) than that in the untreated control condition. Exogenous administration of adenosine significantly attenuated the inotropic response to isoproterenol in the prazosin-treated hearts. In contrast, an adenosine receptor antagonist, 8-phenyltheophylline, also enhanced the inotropic response to isoproterenol. The attenuation of beta-adrenoceptor-mediated inotropic response by adenosine could not be attributed to the inhibition of norepinephrine release from the sympathetic nerve endings, because identical results were observed in the chemically denervated hearts.
CONCLUSIONS Endogenous adenosine released from the ischemic myocardium attenuates beta-adrenoceptor-mediated inotropic response in the ischemic heart.
- Copyright © 1992 by American Heart Association