Regression of coronary artery dimensions after successful aortic valve replacement.
BACKGROUND The effect of regression of myocardial hypertrophy on coronary artery dimensions was evaluated in patients with aortic valve disease who underwent valve replacement.
METHODS AND RESULTS Cross-sectional area (CSA) of the three major coronary arteries (left anterior descending [LAD], left circumflex [LCx], and right coronary artery) was determined by quantitative coronary arteriography in 15 patients with aortic valve disease before and 38 months (range, 14-113 months) after successful aortic valve replacement. Twelve normal subjects served as controls. Left ventricular (LV) angiographic mass was calculated according to the method of Rackley. CSA of the left coronary artery was larger in aortic valve disease than in controls (LAD, 15 versus 8 mm2, p less than 0.001; LCx, 14 versus 6 mm2, p less than 0.001). After valve replacement, CSA of the left coronary artery decreased (LAD, 12 mm2, p less than 0.05 versus before surgery; LCx, 11 mm2, p less than 0.05 versus before surgery) but remained significantly larger than in controls. CSA of the right coronary artery in patients with aortic valve disease was not different from controls. LV muscle mass was significantly increased in aortic valve disease patients before (364 g) and after (250 g) valve replacement compared with controls (135 g). The appropriateness of coronary artery size with respect to muscle mass was evaluated by normalizing CSA of the left coronary artery (LAD + LCx) per 100 g of LV muscle mass (mm2/100 g). This index amounted to 11 mm2/100 g in controls, to 8 mm2/100 g in preoperative patients (p less than 0.05 versus controls), and to 10 mm2/100 g in postoperative patients with aortic valve disease (p = NS versus controls).
CONCLUSIONS In patients with aortic valve disease, CSA of the proximal LAD and LCx is increased, but this increase is not sufficient to keep CSA per 100 g of LV mass within normal limits. The postoperative decrease in muscle mass is associated with a decrease in the size of LAD and LCx, whereas the size of the right coronary artery remains unchanged. In contrast to the preoperative state, the residually hypertrophied LV myocardium after aortic valve replacement is supplied by an enlarged but adequately sized LAD and LCx.
- Copyright © 1992 by American Heart Association