In vivo relation of intramyocardial blood volume to myocardial perfusion. Evidence supporting microvascular site for autoregulation.
BACKGROUND The goal of this study was to explore the role of several factors that affect intramyocardial blood volume by using minimally invasive computed tomography. Anesthetized dogs were scanned with the dynamic spatial reconstructor, a high-speed tomographic scanner, during injection of a bolus of iohexol into the aortic root.
METHODS AND RESULTS In control dogs, it is indicated that the fraction of myocardium that is blood (FMB, %) relates to myocardial perfusion (F, milliliters per gram per minute) in that region as FMB congruent to a.F1/2, where a = 9.5 +/- 1.2% (milliliters times minute per gram)1/2 (mean +/- SD) in the subendocardium and a = 9.6 +/- 1.1% in the subepicardium. In another group of dogs, for the myocardium perfused by a stenosed epicardial artery, a increased to approximately 10 for a 25-43% stenosis (or pressure gradient of 9 mm Hg across narrowing) and to greater than 11 for a 50-55% stenosis (or pressure gradient of 40 mm Hg across narrowing). In these dogs, flow was not impaired under control hemodynamic conditions, but the usual increase of flow (i.e., flow reserve) observed under maximum vasodilation conditions was impaired. In another group of dogs, progressive embolization (using 15-microns-diameter microspheres) of the left ventricular myocardial microcirculation caused the value of a to remain at approximately 9.5 with embolization up to 50% of the fatal dose of microspheres, but it then decreased progressively with embolization to 4.6 at the fatal dose.
CONCLUSIONS We conclude that the FMB/F relation reflects hemodynamic conductance at the microvascular level.
- Copyright © 1992 by American Heart Association