Intravenous pretreatment with A1-selective adenosine analogues protects the heart against infarction.
BACKGROUND Recent data from this laboratory indicate that pretreatment with adenosine can protect the heart against infarction via A1-receptors, but because of systemic hypotension, adenosine had to be given into the coronary circulation.
METHODS AND RESULTS In this study, we tested whether the protection could be achieved by intravenous administration of the A1-selective adenosine agonists N6-(phenyl-2R-isopropyl)-adenosine (PIA) and 2-chloro-N6-cyclopentyladenosine (CCPA). Nine groups of open-chest anesthetized rabbits were subjected to 30 minutes of regional coronary ischemia and 3 hours of reperfusion. Infarct size was determined by tetrazolium staining. Control hearts receiving no treatment had 38 +/- 4% of the risk zone infarcted. Preconditioning with 5 minutes of ischemia and 10 minutes of reperfusion before ischemia limited the infarct to 8 +/- 4%. Intravenous PIA 15 minutes before 30-minute ischemia also limited infarct size to 6 +/- 2% at the highest dose. CCPA offered similar protection. When the PIA was given at reperfusion, infarct size was 46 +/- 6%, indicating that receptor activation must precede ischemia to protect. Pretreatment with CGS 21680, a selective A2-receptor agonist, caused identical hypotension but failed to limit infarct size (43 +/- 3%), indicating again that the A1-receptor is involved. When rabbits pretreated with PIA were paced at 220 beats per minutes, PIA still limited infarct size (16 +/- 4%), indicating that protection was not the result of bradycardia.
CONCLUSIONS These results indicate that stimulation of adenosine A1-receptors causes the heart to become resistant to ischemia and that this protection can be achieved with intravenous administration of A1-selective agents.
- Copyright © 1992 by American Heart Association