Incidence and mechanism of interruption of reentrant ventricular tachycardia with rapid ventricular pacing.
BACKGROUND Information concerning the electrophysiological characteristics of the reentrant circuit is still limited. To understand the incidence and mechanism of pacing-induced interruption of ventricular tachycardia (VT), rapid pacing was performed to entrain VT, and the local electrogram at the VT origin and the surface electrocardiogram were analyzed.
METHODS AND RESULTS Among 25 patients, evidence of transient entrainment was confirmed in 20 patients, but the critical paced cycle length at which VT was interrupted was obtained in 13 patients when the paced cycle length was decreased in steps of 10 msec. During pacing at the critical cycle length (defined as block cycle length), changes in the local electrogram at VT origin were confirmed in all of the 13 patients; that is, 1) a change in morphology and 2) a change in the timing of activation: a sudden shortening in the stimulus to local electrogram time (third entrainment criterion by Waldo). The two changes mean that the exit is activated from a different direction (retrograde capture) because of an orthodromic block in the slow conduction zone. The QRS complex in the surface electrocardiogram showed a change in configuration from the fusion complex to the fully paced one at the same time when the exit was captured antidromically.
CONCLUSIONS Based on our observations in these patients, ventricular tachycardia interruption is very often associated with orthodromic block in the reentrant circuit at a critical cycle length of rapid pacing.
- Copyright © 1992 by American Heart Association