A monoclonal antibody against the platelet glycoprotein IIb/IIIa receptor complex prevents platelet aggregation and thrombosis in a canine model of coronary angioplasty.
BACKGROUND The comparative effects of aspirin and F(ab')2 fragments of monoclonal antibody 7E3 against the platelet glycoprotein IIb/IIIa receptor on ex vivo platelet aggregation and in vivo thrombosis were studied in a canine coronary balloon angioplasty model.
METHODS AND RESULTS Three groups were studied. Group 1 (n = 8) was pretreated with saline placebo, group 2 (n = 8) was pretreated with 325 mg aspirin, and group 3 (n = 8) was pretreated with 0.8 mg/kg 7E3 F(ab')2. Coronary angioplasty was performed in the left anterior descending coronary artery of open-chest dogs under fluoroscopic control; serial measurements of basal and hyperemic coronary blood flows were then made for 2 hours after application of an external stenosis that decreased hyperemic flow by 50%. There were no significant differences in platelet counts or hemodynamic measurements during the experiments. Platelet aggregation was decreased by treatment: group 1, 64 +/- 13% versus 50 +/- 13% (p = NS); group 2, 57 +/- 4% versus 25 +/- 4% (p less than 0.001); and group 3, 77 +/- 5% versus 10 +/- 6% (p less than 0.0002). Compared with initial measurements, the 7E3 antibody was superior to aspirin in maintaining hyperemic coronary blood flow after release of the external stenosis: group 1, 177 +/- 14 versus 21 +/- 14 ml/min (p less than 0.0003); group 2, 189 +/- 9 versus 110 +/- 28 ml/min (p less than 0.008); and group 3, 194 +/- 12 versus 181 +/- 15 ml/min (p less than 0.02). In group 1, arterial occlusion developed in five dogs, and nonocclusive thrombus was seen in three dogs. In group 2, arterial occlusion developed in one dog, and nonocclusive thrombus was seen in five dogs. No thrombotic material was visualized in group 3 dogs treated with 7E3 F(ab')2.
CONCLUSIONS In this animal model, the 7E3 antiplatelet antibody is superior to aspirin in inhibiting platelet aggregation, thrombosis, and acute closure after deep arterial injury caused by coronary balloon angioplasty.
- Copyright © 1991 by American Heart Association