Body surface distribution of abnormally low QRST areas in patients with left ventricular hypertrophy. An index of repolarization abnormalities.
BACKGROUND QRST isointegral maps (I-maps) have been useful in detecting repolarization abnormalities. We investigated the body surface distribution of abnormally low QRST areas in patients with left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) and the relation of the abnormalities in I-map to the severity of LVH as assessed by echocardiography.
METHODS AND RESULTS QRST area departure maps were constructed from electrocardiographic (ECG) data recorded in patients with LVH and precordial negative T waves resulting from aortic stenosis (AS) (10 patients), aortic regurgitation (AR) (12 patients), or hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) with asymmetric septal hypertrophy (22 patients). Fifty normal subjects served as controls. The I-map was constructed from 87 body surface electrocardiograms recorded simultaneously at a sampling interval of 1 msec. The area where the QRST area was smaller than normal limits (mean -2 SD) was designated the "-2 SD area." The echocardiographic left ventricular (LV) mass was calculated by Devereux's method. Patients with large LV masses due to AS or AR had 2 SD areas located over the left anterior chest or the midanterior chest, respectively. The 2 SD area was located over the left shoulder and left anterior chest and had a lingual shape in patients with HCM. The sum of QRST area values less than the normal range (sigma QRST) was significantly correlated with LV mass in patients with AS or AR (r = 0.83 and r = 0.69, p less than 0.01 and p less than 0.05). However, there was no significant correlation between sigma QRST and the severity of LVH in patients with HCM. sigma QRST divided by the number of electrodes in the 2 SD area was significantly greater in patients with HCM than in those with AS or AR.
CONCLUSIONS These findings suggest that abnormalities in patients with HCM are manifest even in mild LVH and that there is a greater disparity of repolarization in hypertrophied left ventricles due to HCM than in LVH due to aortic valve disease. QRST isointegral departure maps may provide ECG evidence of LV mass of patients with AS or AR and of susceptibility to malignant arrhythmias in patients with HCM.
- Copyright © 1991 by American Heart Association