A quantitative analysis of hemodynamic effects of the right ventricle included in the circulation of the Fontan procedure.
BACKGROUND Right heart hemodynamics were analyzed with a catheter-mounted velocity meter in seven patients after direct atrioventricular anastomosis for Fontan procedure (RV group) and were compared with those obtained in eight patients after direct atriopulmonary anastomosis (RA group).
METHODS AND RESULTS In the RV group, cardiac output was 2.7 +/- 0.6 l/min/m2; mean right atrial and pulmonary artery pressures were both 13 +/- 3 mm Hg; mean pulmonary artery wedge pressure was 7 +/- 5 mm Hg; left ventricular end-diastolic volume, determined angiographically, was 129 +/- 40% of normal; and its ejection fraction was 0.50 +/- 0.09. In the RA group, data were similar to those of the RV group except that right heart pressure were lower in the RV group, which was related to the preoperative condition of the pulmonary circulation. In the RV group, the fraction of ventricular forward flow of the total forward flow in the main pulmonary artery ranged from 0.21 to 0.46 and was not correlated with cardiac output or with any other parameter. The backward flow into the inferior vena cava at ventricular systole was greater than the atrial flow in two patients in whom cardiac output was less than 2.2 l/min/m2, whereas caval backward flow at atrial contraction was greater than ventricular flow in the other five patients, of whom four had a cardiac output greater than 3.1 l/min/m2.
CONCLUSIONS We conclude that the inclusion of right ventricle in the circulation of the Fontan procedure does not necessarily improve overall hemodynamics in most patients.
- Copyright © 1991 by American Heart Association