Relation between maximum time-varying elastance pressure-volume areas and myocardial oxygen consumption in dogs.
To establish whether pressure-volume areas (PVAs) calculated using the maximum time-varying elastance (Emax) have a relation with myocardial oxygen consumption (MVO2) that improves on other indexes of myocardial oxygen demand, we studied nine dogs of either sex weighing 19-39 kg, which were instrumented with a micromanometer left ventricular (LV) catheter and a Wilton-Webster coronary sinus flow catheter and had red blood cells tagged with technetium-99m for radionuclide angiography. Hemodynamics, coronary sinus flow determinations, and radionuclide angiograms were obtained under control conditions and during three to five steady-state loading conditions (mean +/- SD, 5.6 +/- 0.7). Isochronal pressure-volume data points from each pressure-volume loop were subjected to linear regression analysis to calculate Emax. The Emax relations, diastolic curves, and systolic portions of each pressure-volume loop were used to obtain calibrated PVAs. The Emax PVA (mm Hg.ml.beat-1.100 g-1) and MVO2 (ml O2.beat-1.100 g-1) values correlated in each animal (r = 0.77 to 0.99). Their slopes averaged (3.48 +/- 1.68) x 10(-5) ml O2.mm Hg-1.ml-1, and their y-axis intercepts averaged 0.07 +/- 0.04 ml O2.beat-1.100 g-1. When the MVO2 relations were compared with Emax PVA, LV systolic pressure-rate product, LV stroke work, and a modification of the LV pressure-work index, the Emax PVA, LV systolic pressure-rate product, and LV pressure-work index had similar relations with MVO2, whereas LV stroke work was a weaker index of MVO2 (p less than 0.05 versus Emax PVA). This occurred because the Emax PVA:MVO2 slopes and y-axis intercepts differed in each dog, which was due to differences in basal LV contractility. The Emax PVA:MVO2 slopes correlated with Emax (r = 0.73, p less than 0.05), and the y-axis intercepts were also weakly related to Emax (r = 0.48, p = 0.19). We conclude that the Emax PVAs calculated using data acquisition techniques that are clinically applicable have relations with MVO2 that in general do not improve on other indexes of myocardial oxygen demand in this animal preparation.
- Copyright © 1991 by American Heart Association