Are the kinetics of technetium-99m methoxyisobutyl isonitrile affected by cell metabolism and viability?
To investigate the role of cell viability and metabolism on the myocardial kinetics of a new tracer, technetium-99m-methoxyisobutyl isonitrile (Tc-99m-MIBI), 250 microCi/l Tc-99m-MIBI was infused in isolated rat hearts under constant flow conditions. The hearts were studied after inducing irreversible damage by cytochrome c oxidase inhibitor sodium cyanide (n = 8) or sarcolemmal membrane detergent Triton X-100 (n = 8). The control hearts (n = 6) received no toxins. Mean Tc-99m-MIBI peak accumulation activity was significantly reduced after cyanide (51.1 +/- 44.2% of control, p less than 0.01) and Triton (13.8 +/- 2.7% of control, p less than 0.001) administration. Kinetic studies also showed marked reduction in accumulation rates and marked increase in clearance rates for cyanide (p less than 0.01) and Triton (p less than 0.01) groups compared with controls. Potential changes in regional flow distribution were assessed using microspheres. When peak accumulation activity was corrected for these changes, there remained significant differences between the groups. In the cyanide and Triton groups, irreversible cell injury was confirmed by creatine kinase and lactate dehydrogenase release, triphenyl tetrazolium chloride staining, and electron microscopy. All the cells were viable in the control group. We conclude that the accumulation and clearance kinetics of Tc-99m-MIBI are significantly affected by cell viability. Tc-99m-MIBI kinetics appear to be dependent on sarcolemmal integrity and to a lesser extent on aerobic metabolism.
- Copyright © 1990 by American Heart Association