Myocardial stiffness derived from end-systolic wall stress and logarithm of reciprocal of wall thickness. Contractility index independent of ventricular size.
The slope of the end-systolic pressure-volume relation (ESPVR) is useful in assessing acute changes in contractile state. However, a limitation of ESPVR is that its slope decreases progressively as ventricular size increases without this change necessarily indicating a change in contractile state. In this respect, an index of contractile function that is independent of ventricular size would have an obvious advantage. The exponential constant (k) of the end-systolic relation between wall stress (sigma) and the natural logarithm of the reciprocal of wall thickness [ln(1/H)], sigma = Cekln(1/H), corresponds to the stiffness constant of the myocardium (kSM), a contractile index that should be independent of ventricular size and geometry. To examine the size independence of kSM, we studied left ventricular kSM during beta-blockade (to stabilize inotropic state) in 25 normal dogs with greatly differing ventricular sizes whose end-diastolic volumes ranged from 14 to 82 ml. The kSM was nearly constant (3.6 +/- 0.4) over this wide range of end-diastolic volumes and thus was independent of end-diastolic volume. Conversely, ESPVR, also obtained during beta-blockade, was closely and negatively correlated to end-diastolic volume (r = 0.92). To test the ability of kSM to measure changes in contractile state, we altered contractile state pharmacologically. The kSM increased from 3.7 +/- 0.5 to 4.8 +/- 0.8 (p less than 0.01) with infusion of dobutamine (after reversal of beta-blockade) and decreased to 3.1 +/- 0.3 (p less than 0.05) with inhalation of isoflurane, a negative inotrope, during beta-blockade (p less than 0.05). We conclude that kSM is independent of ventricular size and is sensitive to changes in inotropic state. As such, it should be useful as an index of contractile function.
- Copyright © 1990 by American Heart Association