Determination of transmural location of onset of activation from cardiac surface electrograms.
Methods of estimating depth of origin of ventricular activation from cardiac surface electrograms were evaluated in experiments on eight dogs. The ventricles were paced via multielectrode needle arrays placed transmurally in from four to six locations in the wall of the left ventricle. A multiplexed data-recording system was used to simultaneously record from 64 unipolar cardiac surface electrodes during pacing at each multielectrode needle site. The four indexes evaluated were the maximum and average gradients of activation isochrones around the site of earliest epicardial activation, the QRS area at the site of earliest epicardial activation, the interval between the QRS onset computed from all 64 epicardial surface electrograms, and the time of the minimum dV/dt in the electrogram displaying the earliest epicardial activation time (t(ee)-t(rmso) interval). Correlation coefficients between depth of stimulation and average and maximum gradients of isochrones, QRS area at the site of earliest epicardial activation, and t(ee)-t(rmso) interval were 0.985 or higher. These methods, particularly those involving gradients of isochrones, should be useful for evaluating electromaps of patients undergoing surgery for ablation of tachyarrhythmias.
- Copyright © 1990 by American Heart Association