Converting enzyme inhibition prevents the effects of atrial natriuretic factor on baroreflex responses in humans.
The aim of this study was to assess the influence of atrial natriuretic factor (ANF) on arterial baroreflex chronotropic responses and to investigate whether this effect of ANF is affected by angiotensin converting enzyme inhibition (CEI). For this purpose, in 13 normal volunteers, the reflex chronotropic responses to arterial baroreceptor stimulation (phenylephrine, 25-100 micrograms i.v.) or deactivation (nitroglycerin, 25-100 micrograms i.v.) were evaluated in control conditions and during the steady-state phase of a sustained infusion of ANF (50 ng/kg/min) or placebo, before and during prolonged treatment with the converting enzyme inhibitor enalapril (20 mg p.o. for 5 days). ANF infusion, which raised plasma ANF levels from 48 +/- 19 to 1,765 +/- 203 pg/ml, was associated with a slight decrease in systemic blood pressure and no change in heart rate. In addition, it caused a significant increase of the regression slope obtained with phenylephrine (from 11.3 +/- 2 to 18.5 +/- 2 msec/mm Hg) and a significant reduction of slope of the nitroglycerin-produced regression line (from 9.3 +/- 1 to 5.6 +/- 0.6 msec/mm Hg). After sustained CEI, which raised plasma renin activity from 1.4 +/- 0.4 to 19.9 +/- 5 ng/ml/hr, ANF infusion induced an increase in plasma ANF levels and a reduction in blood pressure comparable to those observed in control conditions. During CEI, however, ANF infusion had no significant effect on the chronotropic baroreflex responses produced by phenylephrine or nitroglycerin. Chronotropic and pressor responses to cold exposure were unchanged after CEI and during ANF.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
- Copyright © 1990 by American Heart Association