Body surface mapping of ectopic left and right ventricular activation. QRS spectrum in patients without structural heart disease.
The value of simultaneous 62-lead electrocardiographic recordings in localizing the site of origin of ectopic ventricular activation in a structurally normal heart was assessed by examining body surface QRS integral maps in 12 patients during left and right ventricular (LV and RV) pacing at 182 distinct endocardial sites. A data base of 38 characteristic mean integral maps was composed after visually selecting subgroups with nearly identical total QRS integral morphology and numerically evaluating intrasubgroup pattern uniformity and intersubgroup pattern variability. Corresponding endocardial pacing site locations were computed by a biplane cineradiographic method and outlined as segments on a standardized LV and RV polar projection. LV pacing resulted in 25 markedly different mean total QRS integral patterns, showing higher electrocardiographic sensitivity for anteroseptal (18 patterns) compared with posterolateral regions (seven patterns). RV pacing demonstrated 13 mean total QRS integral patterns, exhibiting less intersubgroup variation and comparatively low electrocardiographic sensitivity for the basal anterior and outflow regions. Comparison of LV with RV pacing revealed that QRS configurations produced at LV apical and LV midseptal sites closely resembled QRS configurations generated at RV apical, RV septal, and RV anterior sites, respectively. Total QRS time integral amplitudes showed considerable intrasubgroup variation but permitted global differentiation of spatially similar QRS patterns obtained during pacing at LV and RV sites. This study demonstrates that the QRS pattern of the total body surface electrocardiogram allows discrimination among 38 different LV and RV segments of ectopic endocardial impulse formation in patients with normal cardiac anatomy.
- Copyright © 1990 by American Heart Association