Prediction of successful outcome in 130 patients undergoing percutaneous balloon mitral valvotomy.
We studied 130 patients undergoing percutaneous balloon mitral valvotomy. The relation between valvular morphology according to a previously described echocardiographic scoring system and hemodynamic outcome expressed as qualitative ("good" and suboptimal) and as absolute change in valve area was analyzed. The relative importance of the individual components of this echocardiographic score (valvular thickening, mobility, calcification, and subvalvular disease) to the change in valve area after valvotomy was also examined. Mean transmitral pressure gradient decreased from 16 +/- 6 to 6 +/- 3 mm Hg (p less than 0.0001), and mitral valve area increased from 0.9 +/- 0.3 to 1.8 +/- 0.7 cm2 (p less than 0.0001). Results in individual patients were variable. Eighty-four percent (61 of 73) of patients with an echocardiographic score of 8 or less had a "good" outcome (final valve area greater than or equal to 1.5 cm2 and an increase in valve area of greater than or equal to 25%), whereas 58% (33 of 57) of patients with an echocardiographic score of 8 or more had a suboptimal result (p less than 0.001). The sensitivity of an echocardiographic score of 8 or less for predicting a "good" outcome was 72%, and the specificity was 73%. The echocardiographic score correlated negatively (r = -0.40, p less than 0.0001) with the absolute increase in mitral valve area after valvotomy, but there was substantial scatter in the data. Of the four components of the total echocardiographic score, valvular thickening correlated best with the absolute change in value area (r = -0.47, p less than 0.0001).(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
- Copyright © 1990 by American Heart Association