Catheter ablation of Mahaim fibers with preservation of atrioventricular nodal conduction.
Three patients with refractory preexcited tachycardia implicating Mahaim fibers underwent attempted catheter ablation of the accessory pathway. In the absence of demonstrable retrograde conduction in Mahaim fibers, we located the accessory pathway ventricular insertion site using the criteria of concordance between paced and spontaneous QRS morphologies during pace-mapping and earliest onset of local electrogram relative to surface preexcited QRS. At this site, a QS-like pattern of unfiltered unipolar electrograms with steep downstroke was recorded. The optimal site appeared radiologically at the right ventricular anterior wall or the adjacent septum, 2-4 cm from the tricuspid anulus. Three to six 160-J shocks were delivered at this site using an anterior chest wall plate as anode. After fulguration, conduction through the Mahaim tract was absent. A right bundle branch block persisted in two patients. All patients remained free of preexcited tachycardia during 12-16 months of follow-up. Postablation electrophysiological assessment showed no preexcitation in any patient. No reciprocating tachycardia was inducible, even during isoproterenol infusion. Atrioventricular nodal conduction parameters were unchanged from baseline study. Catheter ablation of Mahaim fibers is an effective alternative method for the treatment of tachycardias that include the accessory pathway in the circuit.
- Copyright © 1990 by American Heart Association