Inhibition of clot-bound alpha 2-antiplasmin enhances in vivo thrombolysis.
Recent experiments in vitro have shown that inhibition of human alpha 2-antiplasmin by a monoclonal antibody (MAb RWR) markedly enhances clot lysis by plasminogen activators. To extend these studies in vivo, we tested whether inhibition of clot or fibrin-bound alpha 2-antiplasmin by MAb RWR could enhance the lysis of a human clot by tissue-type plasminogen activator (t-PA) in a rabbit jugular vein thrombosis model. Compared with a saline placebo or a control antibody, MAb RWR significantly increased thrombolysis by endogenous plasminogen activator in rabbits to which no t-PA was administered (p less than 0.05). In rabbits that received t-PA, the combination of MAb RWR and t-PA caused significantly greater thrombolysis than equivalent doses of t-PA alone (p less than 0.05). However, compared with equipotent doses of t-PA alone, the combination of MAb RWR and t-PA did not increase the nonspecific consumption of fibrinogen. These experiments suggest that the combination of an alpha 2-antiplasmin inhibitor and a plasminogen activator could be a more potent thrombolytic strategy.
- Copyright © 1990 by American Heart Association