Granulocyte activation after coronary angioplasty in humans.
To determine whether percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (PTCA) would lead to neutrophil activation with subsequent discharge of proteolytic enzymes, like elastase, and oxygen free radicals, like superoxide anion, blood samples were taken from the coronary sinus and aorta in 14 patients with stable angina and one-vessel disease who underwent PTCA. Neutrophils were separated by means of the Ficoll-Hypaque system and were stimulated to detect release of elastase and generation of superoxide anion. Plasma levels of elastase were also measured by an immunoenzymatic method. PTCA was successful in all patients. Plasma elastase levels increased significantly at the end of the procedure compared with pre-PTCA values both in the coronary sinus (from 129.2 +/- 16.6 to 286.6 +/- 39.7 micrograms/l, p less than 0.005) and in the aorta (from 117.4 +/- 13.6 to 258.1 +/- 41.3 micrograms/l, p less than 0.005). On the other hand, superoxide anion released in the supernatants after neutrophil stimulation by phorbol-myristate-acetate decreased after PTCA in the coronary sinus (before PTCA, 60.1 +/- 7.1; after PTCA, 40.7 +/- 6.8 nmol 1 x 10(7) granulocytes/ml/15 min, p less than 0.05), whereas a mild but not significant decrease was observed in the aorta (from 58.3 +/- 10.9 to 55.3 +/- 8.6 nmol 1 x 10(7) granulocytes/ml/15 min, p = NS).(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
- Copyright © 1990 by American Heart Association