Carotid sinus baroreceptor sensitivity in experimental heart failure.
Single-unit carotid sinus baroreceptor activity was recorded in normal and heart-failure (pacing-induced) dogs. The sensitivity of these units was compared between the two groups of dogs. After development of clinical heart failure, the animals were anesthetized, and the left carotid sinus was vascularly isolated and perfused with oxygenated Krebs-Henseleit solution. Single-unit baroreceptor discharge was recorded from the carotid sinus nerve in response to stepwise increases in carotid sinus pressure (CSP). In addition, the carotid sinus diameter was measured with sonomicrometer crystals. In this way, both CSP-discharge and CSP-diameter curves were constructed for both normal and heart-failure dogs. Analysis of these curves demonstrated that the heart-failure group exhibited a significant decrease in peak discharge (48.1 +/- 3.0 vs. 22.2 +/- 2.2 spikes/sec; p less than 0.001) and a significant elevation in threshold pressure compared with the normal animals (91.0 +/- 5.0 vs. 119.1 +/- 4.4 mm Hg; p less than 0.001). The peak slope of the CSP-discharge curve was also significantly lower in the heart-failure group (0.63 +/- 0.06 vs. 0.40 +/- 0.09 spikes/sec/mm Hg; p less than 0.05). In the heart-failure group, perfusion of the carotid sinus with ouabain (0.01 micrograms/ml) caused a significant decrease in threshold pressure and a significant increase in peak discharge frequency, as well as an increase in slope of the CSP-discharge curve. There were no changes in CSP-diameter relations in response to ouabain. This dose of ouabain had no effect on pressure-discharge relations or carotid sinus diameters in normal dogs.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
- Copyright © 1990 by American Heart Association