Ventricular volume characteristics in double-inlet left ventricle before and after septation.
Septation is one of the surgical choices for double-inlet left ventricle, yet postoperative hemodynamics have not been well defined. We studied ventricular volume characteristics in 10 patients with double-inlet left ventricle before and after septation. Preoperative end-diastolic volume (EDV) of the ventricle was 291 +/- 111% (+/- SD) of normal and ejection fraction (EF) was 0.59 +/- 0.07. Postoperatively, EDV of the right-sided ventricle (RV) was 82 +/- 24%, and EDV of the left-sided ventricle (LV) was 153 +/- 41%. Ejection fraction of the RV was 0.77 +/- 0.10, and LVEF was 0.49 +/- 0.13. On the short-axis view of two-dimensional echocardiography, fractional change of the cross-sectional area was 0.65 +/- 0.16 for the RV and 0.23 +/- 0.11 for the LV. Fractional shortening of the septum-to-ventricular free wall axis was 0.51 +/- 0.17 in the RV and -0.05 +/- 0.09 in the LV. Analysis of the curvature of the new septum during cardiac cycle on two-dimensional echocardiography revealed that the septum shifted to the right side during systole in all patients in whom the systolic LV/RV pressure ratio was larger than 1.0. The septum shifted toward the LV during diastole in eight patients in whom end-diastolic pressure in the RV was higher than or equal to that in the LV, whereas it remained in the right side in two patients with higher left-side pressure. The cardiac index of these two patients was 2.4 and 2.6 l/min/m2, respectively, whereas it averaged 4.4 +/- 1.0 l/min/m2 in the other eight patients.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
- Copyright © 1990 by American Heart Association