Decreased magnitude of heart rate spectral components in coronary artery disease. Its relation to angiographic severity.
We analyzed the spectral components of RR interval variability under controlled respiration (15 breaths/min) in 56 patients (age range, 35-73 years) referred for coronary angiography; 14 patients had multivessel disease (group M), 21 had one-vessel disease (group S), and 21 had nonsignificant disease or normal coronary artery (group N). There were 43 healthy controls (age range, 36-71 years) (group C). The patients had no clinical evidence of heart failure, hypertension, diabetes mellitus, or acute stage of infarction and had taken no medication for 3 days. The autoregressive power spectral density of RR interval variability contains two major components, respiratory sinus arrhythmia (RSA) (0.25 Hz) and Mayer wave-like sinus arrhythmia (MWSA) (0.04-0.15 Hz), which have magnitudes that are quantitative markers of cardiac vagal activity and sympathetic activity with vagal modulation, respectively. We represented the magnitudes by the coefficient of component variance (CCV), which provided the amplitude relative to the mean RR interval. The age- and sex-adjusted mean of CCVRSA significantly decreased with advancing angiographic severity (1.64 +/- 0.09%, 1.66 +/- 0.12%, 1.22 +/- 0.13%, and 0.81 +/- 0.16% for groups C, N, S, and M, respectively) (p = 0.0001). The CCVRSA was unrelated to left ventricular function, previous myocardial infarction, or stenosis of any specific artery including the sinoatrial and atrioventricular node arteries. The CCVMWSA decreased only in group M (p = 0.0462). These results indicate that coronary artery disease is associated with vagal dominant impairment in autonomic cardiac function and that reduction in the vagal cardiac function correlates with the angiographic severity.
- Copyright © 1990 by American Heart Association