Pertussis toxin treatment of whole blood. A novel approach to assess G protein function in congestive heart failure.
This study was designed to assess G protein function in mononuclear leukocytes (MNL) of patients with congestive heart failure (CHF). MNL membranes were ADP-ribosylated in vitro in the presence of pertussis or cholera toxin. The amount of pertussis toxin substrates did not differ significantly between CHF patients (6,100 +/- 224 fmol/mg, n = 23) and age-matched healthy control subjects (5,812 +/- 972 fmol/mg protein, n = 19). Among the CHF patients, no differences were observed between those with idiopathic and ischemic CHF. The amount of cholera toxin substrates also did not differ significantly between CHF patients (7,522 +/- 1,405 fmol/mg protein, n = 11) and control subjects (5,654 +/- 707 fmol/mg protein, n = 14). Moreover, basal and isoproterenol- and prostaglandin E1-stimulated cyclic AMP (cAMP) accumulation in MNL was similar in control subjects and patients. To detect more subtle alterations of the cAMP-generating system, we incubated anticoagulated blood with 250-400 ng/ml pertussis toxin for 4 hours at 37 degrees C. This treatment completely ADP-ribosylated the MNL pertussis toxin substrates. Incubation with pertussis toxin did not change basal or prostaglandin E1-stimulated cAMP generation in MNL of control subjects, but it significantly enhanced stimulated generation (443 +/- 44 vs. 643 +/- 93 pmol/10(7) cells, p less than 0.025) in MNL of CHF patients. This enhancement was most pronounced in the most severely ill patients (New York Heart Association class IV) and correlated with plasma norepinephrine levels, another marker of CHF severity (r = 0.798, n = 11, p less than 0.01).(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
- Copyright © 1990 by American Heart Association