Value of acceleration flows and regurgitant jet direction by color Doppler flow mapping in the evaluation of mitral valve prolapse.
To clarify the role of color Doppler echocardiography in the evaluation of mitral valve prolapse, we studied 49 consecutive patients in whom the sites of mitral valve prolapse were confirmed at the time of operation. The study group consisted of 22 patients with anterior leaflet prolapse, 24 patients with posterior leaflet prolapse, and three patients with multiple scallop prolapse (one patient with both anterior leaflet and middle scallop prolapse, and two patients with both medial and lateral scallop prolapse). Two-dimensional echocardiographic diagnosis of anterior leaflet prolapse was correct in all patients. The diagnosis of posterior leaflet prolapse by two-dimensional echocardiography, however, was mistaken as anterior leaflet prolapse in 16 (13 patients with medial scallop prolapse and three patients with lateral scallop prolapse) of the 24 patients according to current diagnostic criteria for mitral valve prolapse. Eight patients with middle scallop prolapse were diagnosed correctly by two-dimensional echocardiography. Acceleration flows in the left ventricle were observed by color Doppler echocardiography in all 49 patients. The sites of acceleration flows detected by color Doppler echocardiography coincided with those of prolapse confirmed in all at the time of operation. There was a significant correlation between the maximum area of acceleration flow signals and severity of mitral regurgitation estimated by angiography. In the 13 patients with medial scallop prolapse and the three patients with lateral scallop prolapse, a regurgitant jet originated from a bulged portion of the posterior leaflet and was directed toward the opposite left atrial cavity to the bulged portion by short-axis images of color Doppler echocardiography.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
- Copyright © 1990 by American Heart Association