Body surface mapping during percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty. QRS changes indicating regional myocardial conduction delay.
Using a radiotransparent electrode array, body surface maps (BSMs) were constructed based on simultaneous recordings from 62 leads on the entire thorax before, during, and after balloon inflation during percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (PTCA). Twenty-five patients were studied, and 30 angioplasties were performed; 20 patients had one-vessel disease, and five patients had two-vessel disease. In total, 15 dilations in the left anterior descending artery (LAD), seven in the right coronary artery (RCA), and eight in the left circumflex artery (LCx) were studied. For each patient, the BSM and the QRS integral map before, during, and after the inflation was compared by subtraction of recordings "during-minus-before" inflation and "before-minus-after" inflation. The subtraction was performed on the results of the QRS integral maps. The conclusions derived from the inspection of the BSMs and the difference maps show specific changes in the QRS complex during ischemia related to the corresponding ischemic segment in 21 of 25 patients in the three groups. An area of positive potentials remained present on the BSM during dilation, indicating a depolarization wave front. For the LAD group, positive potentials were seen on the anterior thorax and, for the RCA group, on the lower part of the thorax. By subtraction analysis, these changes were extracted and presented as difference maps. For the LCx group, the BSM revealed no changes in pattern but the difference map showed a difference vector pointing in a anteroposterior direction. A regional myocardial conduction delay was hypothesized as the most likely cause for the results.
- Copyright © 1990 by American Heart Association