Changes of left ventricular diastolic function in exercising dogs without and with ischemia.
Left ventricular (LV) diastolic function in the absence and presence of regional ischemia was examined in eight conscious dogs chronically instrumented with ultrasonic devices for measuring LV wall thickness and volume. During treadmill exercise, ischemia was induced (hydraulic occluder) to produce less than 10% systolic wall thickening in the ischemic zone. LV filling was assessed by the peak filling rate (PFR), mean filling rates in the first and second halves of filling (mFR1 and mFR2), an early filling index from mitral valve opening to minimal diastolic pressure (PDm), and the percentage of atrial filling. Also, LV relaxation (tau) and wall thinning rates during isovolumetric relaxation and the first and second halves of the filling phase were assessed. During control exercise without ischemia, PDm decreased by 2.61 mm Hg (p less than 0.05) to -1.1 mm Hg and there was a downward shift of the entire LV diastolic pressure-volume (P-V) curve. The LV relaxation rate, PFR, mFR1, and mFR2 were enhanced. Early filling was increased by 116%, the percentage of atrial filling by 118%, and overall diastolic filling by 23% despite a 63% decrease in the filling period. During ischemic exercise, systolic function was depressed compared with the resting state, PDm increased by 4.84 mm Hg (p less than 0.005) associated with a pronounced rightward and upward shift of the early portion of the P-V curve. LV relaxation rate, PFR, and mFR1 were reduced, the early filling index fell sharply by 62% but percentage of atrial filling was unchanged, while overall diastolic filling decreased by 30%. The thinning rate of the control wall was enhanced, whereas that of ischemic wall was depressed. Multiple factors contributed to the markedly impaired early and overall diastolic LV filling during ischemia, including impaired systolic function, reduced relaxation rate, nonuniformity of wall motion, an upward shift of the early diastolic P-V curve, and absence of a compensatory increase in late diastolic filling.
- Copyright © 1990 by American Heart Association