Characterization of acute experimental left ventricular thrombi with quantitative backscatter imaging.
Two-dimensional echocardiography is an excellent technique for detecting left ventricular thrombi, however, acute clot is sometimes difficult to differentiate from adjacent myocardium and intracavitary signals. We hypothesized that quantitative assessment of the acoustic properties of acute left ventricular thrombi using a quantitative backscatter imaging system would permit the differentiation of thrombus from adjacent myocardium and intracavitary echoes. Acute, experimental left ventricular thrombi in seven dogs were evaluated with a quantitative backscatter imaging system that allowed the measurement of relative integrated backscatter and cyclic (i.e., diastolic minus systolic) variation in integrated backscatter. Coronary ligation abolished the cyclic variation in relative backscatter that occurred in normal myocardium. The end-diastolic relative backscatter in the thrombus (16.9 +/- 1.3 dB) was significantly higher than in apical myocardium (13.2 +/- 0.6 dB, p less than 0.05). There was no significant difference in the cyclic variation in relative backscatter among thrombus, ischemic myocardium, or intracavitary blood. Thus, the quantitative assessment of the acoustic properties of left ventricular thrombi can be useful in their detection and in the differentiation from myocardium and intracavitary signals.
- Copyright © 1990 by American Heart Association