Importance of preexcited QRS morphology during induced atrial fibrillation to the diagnosis and localization of multiple accessory pathways.
The present investigation evaluates the ability of several electrocardiographic (ECG) and electrophysiologic methods to identify multiple accessory pathways in 47 patients in whom the presence and sites of multiple accessory pathways were confirmed intraoperatively. To establish ECG features that suggested the presence of multiple accessory pathways in these patients, we initially studied the 12-lead ECG during maximal preexcitation in 101 patients with single accessory pathways. Distinctive 12-lead ECG patterns were noted for six defined anatomic areas around the right and left atrioventricular groove. Multiple preexcited QRS morphologies, each typical for a separate accessory pathway, and atypical preexcited QRS morphologies were recorded during atrial fibrillation in 31 of 47 (66%) patients with multiple accessory pathways. By comparison, the ECG during sinus rhythm and rapid atrial pacing identified 14 (32%) and 26 (55%) of the patients, respectively. In 12 (26%) patients in whom evidence for multiple accessory pathways was absent from endocardial mapping data, atrial fibrillation provided the diagnosis. In five (11%) patients, atrial fibrillation was the only method that demonstrated the presence of multiple accessory pathways. A combination of ECG findings during atrial fibrillation and rapid atrial pacing plus endocardial mapping data identified 43 (91%) of the patients with multiple accessory pathways. There were two unique fusion patterns on the 12-lead ECG that were characteristic of specific multiple accessory pathway combinations.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
- Copyright © 1990 by American Heart Association