Intraoperative Doppler color flow mapping for decision-making in valve repair for mitral regurgitation. Technique and results in 100 patients.
Mitral valve repair provides substantial advantages over mitral valve replacement in patients with severe mitral regurgitation. However, because of the possibility of persistent regurgitation, an intraoperative technique is needed to provide an immediate and accurate assessment of the adequacy of the repair before closure of the chest. One hundred patients with pure mitral regurgitation were studied with intraoperative epicardial Doppler color flow mapping immediately before and after valve repair. Intraoperative assessment of the severity of mitral regurgitation showed good agreement with preoperative left ventriculography and with standard precordial Doppler echocardiography before and after surgery. Postrepair intraoperative Doppler studies showed satisfactory surgical results in 92 patients. Postrepair intraoperative Doppler studies in the remaining eight patients demonstrated unsatisfactory results: persistent significant regurgitation in four, systolic anterior motion of the mitral valve with dynamic left ventricular outflow tract obstruction in three, and a persistent flail leaflet in one. In six of the eight patients, further surgery was performed during the same thoracotomy. In two patients, the intraoperative postrepair Doppler findings of persistent regurgitation were confirmed on precordial Doppler studies within 5 days, and mitral reoperation was required. Intraoperative epicardial Doppler color flow mapping provided a "safety net" that ensured a successful outcome in all 100 patients by providing the surgeon with a direct means to assess the success of the operation and the need for further surgery.
- Copyright © 1990 by American Heart Association