Prediction of angiographic change in native human coronary arteries and aortocoronary bypass grafts. Lipid and nonlipid factors.
A within-group risk factor analysis was conducted to predict angiographic change in the Cholesterol Lowering Atherosclerosis Study, a randomized, placebo-controlled trial of colestipol plus niacin therapy in men with previous coronary bypass surgery. Global angiographic change, including both native coronary arteries and bypass grafts after 2 treatment years, was the end point. Risk factors included on-trial clinical measures, plasma lipids, lipoproteins, and apolipoproteins. Univariate analysis indicated that risk factors previously observed by others in epidemiologic investigation of ischemic heart disease--total cholesterol, LDL cholesterol, non-HDL cholesterol, triglycerides, apolipoprotein B, and diastolic blood pressure--had significant effects in the placebo-treated group. Univariate analysis indicated significant effects of apolipoprotein C-III in drug- and placebo-treated groups. Multivariate analysis indicated the predominant risk factor predicting the probability of global coronary progression was non-HDL cholesterol in placebo-treated subjects and the content of apolipoprotein C-III in high density lipoproteins of drug-treated subjects. Both drug- and placebo-treated group findings point to an important role for triglyceride-rich lipoproteins in progression and regression of human atherosclerosis.
- Copyright © 1990 by American Heart Association