Improvement in mitral flow dynamics during exercise after percutaneous transvenous mitral commissurotomy. Noninvasive evaluation using continuous wave Doppler technique.
Evaluation of mitral flow dynamics during exercise is critically important in patients who receive percutaneous transvenous mitral commissurotomy (PTMC) because limited mitral flow during exercise provokes hemodynamic deterioration and involves cardiogenic symptoms in patients with mitral stenosis. To examine mitral flow dynamics during exercise, we applied continuous wave Doppler technique in 20 patients with mitral stenosis. Exercise Doppler study was performed 2 days before and 5 days after PTMC. PTMC increased mitral valve area from 1.0 +/- 0.3 (mean +/- SD) to 1.9 +/- 0.5 cm2 and decreased mean transmitral pressure gradient from 8 +/- 2 to 4 +/- 1 mm Hg at rest. Moreover, PTMC decreased mean transmitral pressure gradient from 21 +/- 6 to 11 +/- 4 mm Hg at submaximal exercise. The extent of an increase in mitral valve area by PTMC correlated with a decrease in the mean transmitral pressure gradient at the submaximal exercise (r = -0.76, p less than 0.01) and that at rest (r = -0.52, p less than 0.05). Heart rate after PTMC during exercise was significantly lower than that before PTMC, indicating that the compensatory mechanism (tachycardia) to increase cardiac output during exercise is less necessary after PTMC. Thus, we conclude that the mitral flow dynamics during exercise is improved, as well as the resting mitral flow dynamics 5 days after PTMC, and that exercise Doppler study enabled us to make a noninvasive evaluation of the mitral flow dynamics in patients who receive PTMC.
- Copyright © 1990 by American Heart Association