Relations of the myocardial imaging agents 99mTc-MIBI and 201T1 to myocardial blood flow in a canine model of myocardial ischemic insult.
Myocardial imaging with thallium 201 has proven to be an important clinical procedure to assess the severity of the myocardial ischemic insult. Uptake of 201Tl is related to perfusion to and extraction by intact myocardium. Recently, a newer group of agents based on 99mTc alkyl isonitriles has been developed and appears promising for myocardial imaging. Although the distribution of this new agent has been shown to be related to myocardial perfusion, its dependence on myocardial integrity has not been established. This study compared the distribution of 99mTc-2-methoxy-isobutyl-isonitrile (99mTc-MIBI) with that of 201Tl in a clinically relevant canine model of ischemic insult. Fifteen adult dogs underwent 2 hours of occlusion by left anterior descending coronary artery ligation followed by reperfusion. In one group of dogs, 201Tl and 99mTc-MIBI were administered 5 minutes before 35 minutes of reflow (group 1, n = 5). In the other animals, the agents were given 5 minutes after onset of reflow, and dogs were killed after 10 (group 2, n = 5) and 35 minutes of reperfusion (group 3, n = 5). 99mTc-MIBI activity was significantly correlated with 201Tl activity (r = 0.91, 0.77, and 0.92, for groups 1, 2, and 3, respectively). Both 201Tl and 99mTc-MIBI activities were correlated similarly with blood flow in all models. In groups 1 and 2, 201Tl and 99mTc-MIBI activities correlated directly with microsphere-determined blood flow, whereas in group 3, they correlated inversely. The present study shows that in these models of myocardial ischemic insult, 99mTc-MIBI distribution is closely related to that of 201Tl.
- Copyright © 1990 by American Heart Association