Relation of left ventricular filling dynamics to alterations in load and compliance in patients with and without pressure-overload hypertrophy.
A large atrial contribution to left ventricular (LV) filling (%A) in patients with LV hypertrophy has been assumed by some to indicate abnormal LV compliance. We tested this assumption by examining the influence of short- and long-term changes in load on compliance and filling dynamics using nitroprusside to decrease load in 11 patients with severe aortic stenosis (AS) and ergonovine to increase load in nine normal subjects. LV angiographic volume was analyzed frame-by-frame simultaneous with micromanometer pressure recordings. Operative LV chamber compliance (dV/VdP) and a time constant for isovolumic relaxation rate were computed using three-constant exponential equations fit to the data. Compared with normal subjects, resting left ventricular end-diastolic pressure was increased and dV/VdP was reduced in AS, but %A was not different. %A was inversely related to left ventricular end-diastolic pressure (r = -0.48, p = 0.02) and positively correlated with dV/VdP (r = 0.90, p less than 0.001) within the AS group. Nitroprusside infusion reduced LV peak systolic pressure by 11%, end-diastolic pressure by 38%, and end-diastolic volume by 12% (p less than or equal to 0.004 for each) and tended to increase dV/VdP by 26% (p = 0.23). These alterations in load resulted in a 21% decrease (-16 ml) in the early filling volume (p less than 0.05) and variable increases (mean, +7 ml; p = NS) in the late atrial filling volume and in the percent atrial contribution to ventricular filling (26 +/- 19% to 35 +/- 25% for the AS group, p = NS) that were related to changes in compliance.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
- Copyright © 1990 by American Heart Association