Alleviation of myocardial stunning by leukocyte and platelet depletion.
Neutrophils accumulate in myocardium rendered ischemic and reperfused. Activated neutrophils release mediators such as metabolites of oxygen that can compromise myocellular integrity and provoke cardiac dysfunction. Although it is established that leukopenia reduces infarct size, the role of leukocytes and the source of free radicals in postischemic contractile dysfunction is unresolved. A carotid left anterior descending coronary-artery extracorporeal circuit without (n = 8) or with a Leukopak filter (n = 6) to deplete the leukocytes and platelets from blood entering the left anterior descending artery was established in the anesthetized, open-chest dog 30 minutes before ischemia. Subendocardial segmental function was monitored by sonomicrometry, and ischemia was produced by stopping flow for 15 minutes followed by 3 hours of reperfusion. Depleting leukocytes by 90 +/- 3.2% and platelets by 100% improved segmental function (from 30.5 +/- 7% to 74.1 +/- 12.7% for control versus leukocyte-depleted dogs, respectively) at 15 minutes of reperfusion. In the leukopenic group, however, there was a progressive decline in contractility to 32.5 +/- 13.8% by 3 hours of reperfusion that was associated with a return of leukocytes and, to a lesser extent, a return of platelets in the extracorporeal blood to 70.2 +/- 21.9% and 15.5 +/- 4.3% of systemic values, respectively. Removal of leukocytes and platelets from blood perfusing the coronary vascular bed only at reperfusion improved contractile function to 67.7 +/- 6.9% at 15 minutes and 54.7 +/- 12.1% at 3 hours (n = 6). Scanning electron microscopy revealed adherent leukocytes in the epicardial coronary arteries of control animals after 3 hours of reperfusion.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
- Copyright © 1989 by American Heart Association