Abolition of in vivo platelet thrombus formation in primates with monoclonal antibodies to the platelet GPIIb/IIIa receptor. Correlation with bleeding time, platelet aggregation, and blockade of GPIIb/IIIa receptors.
We studied the dose-response effects of the F(ab')2 fragments of murine monoclonal antibodies to the platelet GPIIb/IIIa receptor (7E3 and 10E5) on in vivo platelet thrombus formation in a well-characterized monkey model in which the carotid artery is stenosed and thrombus formation is provoked and augmented by intimal damage and the infusion of subaggregating doses of epinephrine. Both antibodies abolished thrombus formation with a mean dose of -0.2 mg/kg. Ex vivo platelet aggregation was not always abolished at doses that abolished thrombus formation; similarly, bleeding times were only moderately prolonged (9.1 +/- 1.4 minutes) at these doses. Increasing the dose above that required to abolish thrombus formation consistently produced abolition of ex vivo platelet aggregation, marked prolongation of the bleeding time (14.2 +/- 1.5 minutes), and nearly quantitative blockade of GPIIb/IIIa receptors. We conclude that in a significant percentage of animals, the extent of GPIIb/IIIa blockade required to prevent vasoocclusive thrombus formation in this model is less than that required for abolition of platelet aggregation, and that the preservation of only a minority of functional GPIIb/IIIa receptors might be adequate to maintain a nearly normal bleeding time.
- Copyright © 1989 by American Heart Association