Selective enhancement of the cardiac sympathetic response to exercise by anginal chest pain in humans.
Cardiac and whole body [3H]norepinephrine kinetics were used to evaluate the response of overall and cardiac sympathetic activity to supine bicycle exercise in 31 patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) and in nine normal control subjects (group 1). Of the 31 patients with CAD, 20 developed evidence of myocardial ischemia during exercise (group 2), typical angina occurring in 20 of 20 and ischemic ST segment changes in 13 of 20, whereas 11 patients developed no evidence of ischemia (no chest pain or electrocardiographic changes) (group 3). Exercise resulted in increased total and cardiac NE spillover in all groups of patients. Basal cardiac NE spillover was similar in the three groups (group 1, 5 +/- 1 ng/min; group 2, 8 +/- 1 ng/min; group 3, 7 +/- 2 ng/min; p = NS), but during exercise, cardiac NE spillover was greater in patients who developed angina (group 2, 30 +/- 5 ng/min) than in those who did not (group 1, 17 +/- 2 ng/min; group 3, 17 +/- 2 ng/min; p less than 0.05). The increases in total NE spillover were similar in the three groups. Supine bicycle exercise increases cardiac and overall sympathetic tone in normal control subjects and in patients with CAD. The occurrence of angina selectively enhances the cardiac sympathetic response to exercise. In the absence of angina, patients with CAD and control subjects without CAD have similar sympathetic responses to exercise.
- Copyright © 1989 by American Heart Association