Contribution of intrinsic skeletal muscle changes to 31P NMR skeletal muscle metabolic abnormalities in patients with chronic heart failure.
Patients with heart failure frequently exhibit abnormal skeletal muscle metabolic responses to exercise, as assessed with 31P NMR. To investigate whether these metabolic abnormalities are due to intrinsic skeletal muscle changes, we performed gastrocnemius muscle biopsies on 22 patients with heart failure (peak VO2, 15.4 +/- 4.7 ml/kg/min; ejection fraction, 20 +/- 7%) and on eight normal subjects. Biopsies were analyzed for fiber type and area, capillarity, citrate synthase, phosphofructokinase, lactate dehydrogenase, and beta-hydroxyacyl CoA dehydrogenase activity. All patients with heart failure also underwent 31P NMR studies of their calf muscle during plantarflexion at three workloads. Muscle pH responses and the relation of the ratio of inorganic phosphate to phosphocreatine (Pi/PCr) to systemic VO2 were then evaluated. Compared with normal subjects, patients with heart failure exhibited a shift in fiber distribution with increased percentage of the fast twitch, glycolytic, easily fatigable type IIb fibers (normal subjects, 22.7 +/- 10.1; heart failure, 33.1 +/- 11.1%; p less than 0.05), atrophy of type IIa (normal subjects, 5,477 +/- 1,109; heart failure, 4,239 +/- 1,247 microns 2; p less than 0.05) and type IIb fibers (normal subjects, 5,957 +/- 1,388; heart failure, 4,144 +/- 945 microns 2; p less than 0.01), and decreased activity of beta-hydroxyacyl CoA dehydrogenase (normal subjects, 5.17 +/- 1.44; heart failure, 3.67 +/- 1.68 mol/kg protein/hr; p less than 0.05). No significant linear correlation could be identified between the slope of the Pi/PCr to VO2 relation and muscle histochemistry or enzyme activities. Similarly, no linear relation was found between intracellular pH at peak exercise and any muscle variable.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
- Copyright © 1989 by American Heart Association