Low-dose infusion of atrial natriuretic factor in mild essential hypertension.
Intra-arterial blood pressure, cardiac output, heart rate, right heart indexes, urinary electrolytes, and urinary volume were monitored in eight patients with untreated (WHO Class I) essential hypertension. The patients were given synthetic atrial natriuretic factor (ANF) (99-126 alpha-hANP) at 1 and 2 pmol/kg/min in series (phases 1 and 2, 2 hours each dose) or vehicle (hemaccel) in random order on two separate occasions while on their usual diet. Arterial plasma ANF levels increased significantly from basal and time-matched placebo values from 25 +/- 2 and 28 +/- 3 pmol/l to 50 +/- 4 and 83 +/- 9 pmol/l at the end of phases 1 and 2, respectively (p less than 0.001). After 30 minutes during phase 2, systolic blood pressure decreased significantly by 20 +/- 4 mm Hg (p less than 0.001) from basal and time-matched placebo values and remained significantly reduced (-17 +/- 4 mm Hg, p less than 0.001) by the end of the recovery period (2 hours after infusions were completed). Pulmonary systolic blood pressure decreased by 5 +/- 1 mm Hg (phase 2, p less than 0.05). Cardiac output decreased by 0.5 +/- 0.1 l/min below baseline at the end of phase 2 of ANF infusion, whereas it increased significantly (p less than 0.02) by 0.6 +/- 0.1 l/min during vehicle infusion. Systemic diastolic, pulmonary diastolic, right atrial, and wedge pressures were not significantly changed during ANF or vehicle infusions, nor were pulmonary vascular resistance or heart rate altered. Systemic vascular resistance did not change significantly during both infusions, whereas during recovery, systemic vascular resistance decreased significantly after ANF infusion was discontinued (p less than 0.05). Microhematocrit levels increased dose dependently during ANF. The maximum increase was observed at the end of phase 2 (+4.7 +/- 1.7%), whereas the microhematocrit level decreased to -2.4 +/- 0.6% with vehicle (p less than 0.001) at the end of phase 2. Urinary sodium excretion increased significantly (p less than 0.02) by the end of phase 2 under ANF infusion (+38 +/- 15%), whereas it decreased (-10 +/- 6%) under placebo infusion by the end of phase 2. Urinary magnesium excretion was significantly increased during ANF infusion from phase 1 (p less than 0.02), whereas urinary potassium levels, calcium levels, creatinine levels, volume, and glomerular filtration rate did not differ significantly between the two infusions. Plasma renin, angiotensin II, aldosterone, and catecholamine concentrations did not change significantly during ANF or vehicle infusions.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 400 WORDS)
- Copyright © 1989 by American Heart Association