Endothelium-derived relaxing factor and protection against contractions induced by histamine and serotonin in the human internal mammary artery and in the saphenous vein.
We investigated the release of endothelium-derived relaxing factor (EDRF) in response to serotonin and histamine in the human internal mammary artery and saphenous vein. The arteries and veins were obtained intraoperatively and were suspended in organ chambers to record isometric tension. In mammary arteries, histamine (10(-8) to 3 X 10(-6) M) induced relaxations in rings with (70 +/- 5%, IC50, 6.5 +/- 0.2) but not without endothelium (p less than 0.005 for rings with compared with those without endothelium, n = 7-10). The response was inhibited by methylene blue or hemoglobin, but not meclofenamate, and, therefore, EDRF was delineated as the mediator. Because chlorpheniramine but not cimetidine inhibited the response, EDRF was released by the H1-histaminergic receptor (n = 5-8). In contrast, in saphenous veins, histamine caused only weak or absent endothelium-dependent relaxations, but contractions were enhanced in rings with endothelium (p less than 0.05, n = 6). Serotonin did not induce endothelium-dependent relaxations, but contractions were markedly greater in veins compared with arteries (p less than 0.005, n = 6). The endothelium inhibited the maximal contraction to serotonin in arteries (p less than 0.034) but not in veins. Thus, EDRF protects against contractions induced by histamine and serotonin in the mammary artery but not in the saphenous vein. This may be important for improved graft function and patency of the artery compared with that of the vein.
- Copyright © 1989 by American Heart Association